Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a set of related diseases in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar (specifically, glucose) in the blood. Glucose in the blood gives you the energy to perform daily activities, walk briskly, run for a bus, ride your bike, take an aerobic exercise class, and perform your day-to-day chores. Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin causes diabetes. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin-dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Look at Info Sehat Klikdokter if you want to know more about Health information from KlikDokter.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes, it is essential to understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy. Several things happen when food is digested: A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the organization.
An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because their pancreas does not make enough insulin Their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin usually Both of the above
Up to 200 000 New Zealanders have diabetes (diabetes mellitus), but only half have been diagnosed. Maori, Pacific Island, and Asian New Zealanders are more than twice as likely to develop diabetes as other New Zealanders.
In New Zealand, type2 diabetes is increasing rapidly, and, in some regions, it is considered to have reached epidemic proportions. Symptoms include excessive urination and thirst, fatigue, and nausea.
Risk factors for developing diabetes include obesity, family history, high blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, little or no exercise, pregnancy, women who have had a large baby (>4000g birth weight) and a history of gestational diabetes, being a Maori, Pacific Island or Asian New Zealander and being over 40 years of age
If you are careful in noticing the symptoms, you may get lucky and recognize it. One of the most common symptoms of diabetes is hypoglycemia. You now may be wondering what this term means. Hypoglycemia is when your body experiences cases of low blood sugar, which in turn will cause dizziness, hunger attacks, and sweating.
If you intake a large quantity of sugar, it won’t be perfect for you, and at the same time, if you don’t take in any, it will affect your bodily functions as well. The right amount of body sugar level is always a must.
Your diabetes treatment and management strategy should be agreed between you and your health care team. Diabetes treatment aims to keep, within reason, blood glucose levels as near to normal as possible. Training in self-management of diabetes forms an essential part of diabetes management.
Treatment should be agreed on an individual basis and address medical, psychosocial, and lifestyle issues. A variety of different factors have a role to play in treating diabetes. Still, the importance of balanced, coordinates diabetes treatment for all people with diabetes cannot be underestimated. Regular and successful treatment decreases the risk of each patient developing diabetes complications. The basics of diabetes treatment are broken down into each diabetic type below.